Hello, everyone. Today's topic is about two popular coffee nowadays. One is Huakui coffee grown in Ethiopia, Africa, and the other is Geisha coffee grown in Panama, Central and South America. What is the connection?
To share a little knowledge, coffee in raw fruit, in order to get the inside of the coffee bean, generally USES two methods, one is the "sun", is the cherry pick fruit directly, in on green coffees which are dry, sales in the sheller take off the outside dry skin, get inside the coffee beans, this way of the more commonly used in a water area.
The other was a "water law", use the coffee machine fruit peel off, and then put the coffee parchment with pectin in the sink to immerse, the purpose is to let the coffee parchment pectin ferment, outside with clean water fermentation of pectin and dry again after selling coffee beans in the sheller off his parchment, get the beans inside.
The beautiful country of Ethiopia is a coffee growing and producing country. It is also the origin of coffee. In the inaccessible part of southwest Ethiopia, there is a mountain named: Geisha Mountain, meaning "Geisha Mountain", or "Geisha Mountain" if transliterated, because the transliteration of Geisha is "Geisha", but this word translates to "Geisha", which is the same pronunciation as Geisha in English, but has a different meaning. The site is located in the southwest of the Ghafa Forest in Ethiopia, near the border with the sultanate, at an altitude of 1700-2000 meters. The coffee produced on the mountain is named after the mountain, also called Geisha.
The Caffa Forest has been hailed as the world's treasure trove of coffee genes. Many of the coffee trees here are wild varieties with natural disease resistance, but the relatively low yield of their coffee beans was initially ignored by Ethiopians. According to Ethiopia's coffee history archives, the Ethiopian government was asked by Britain to export Geisha coffee to coffee-producing countries to help them improve varieties and make them more resistant to disease. Coffee seeds taken from Mount Geisha in 1931 were transplanted to Kenya in 1932, to Tanzania in 1936, to Costa Rica in 1953, and to Panama around the 1960s, after which nothing is known. The reason for line breaking is that although Geisha coffee has strong disease resistance, its yield is low, and even after hybridization, its productivity is not very high. These are just the transplants that have been officially documented; there are many that have not. It wasn't until they got themselves into a lot of passive trouble that the Ethiopians started to wake up, which we can talk about separately.
In Ethiopian coffee planting history, its people not only share their coffee seeds to foreign, also for the ga method in the forest in search of disease resistance of the coffee tree, a lot of big production areas, coffee trees planted by method of forest and cafe is concerned, transplant coffee seedlings, or high quality coffee fruit picking seedling, hybridization with existing varieties.
In the Siddharma production area, which has a long history of planting, a new area has been designated as Guji production area, which is densely forested. Most coffee plants are grown in semi-shade mode, or directly in the forest. In ancient ji region has a belt, called Abraham Bella is planted with a rose summerhill give excellent native tree species, maintained the traditional tanning process, the taste of the coffee has a completely independent, far higher than west Ethiopia dharma, the flavor of other regions and western dharma "and snow Philippine region in the region of the hills, neck and neck. And because it is the primary processing technology, the taste is unique. Because it is as excellent as Jejiasefi coffee, it is named after the planting place "Hambella", followed by the farm with the best processing technology. The publicity method is the same as that of Jejiasefi coffee, namely: Ethiopian washed Jejiasefi coffee, Ethiopian sun-baked Hambella coffee.
So how does this "flower boss" come from? In fact, there is not much knowledge and technology, it is just a problem of translation. When Geisha coffee beans from Ethiopia were introduced into China, it was translated as "Huakui". As mentioned above, the free translation of Geisha coffee beans is not the same. Geisha Mountain in Ethiopia has nothing to do with Geisha in Japan, but it just happens to be the same sound as Geisha in Japanese, so it is simply called "Huakui", which is to the extreme and sounds only beautiful.
These coffees were "loaned out" until 2003, when a second-generation farmer in Panama's Jaramie Farm discovered an unknown coffee plant that his father had grown on his estate, some 1,600m above sea level, to keep out the wind. The coffee fruit, when roasted, had an elegant citrus aroma. The following year, in 2004, the beans from the former weatherproof plant were tested in the Panama National Treasure Bean Cup, where they became a huge success and dominated until 2007. After being identified by coffee experts, it was identified as Geisha coffee from Ethiopia. After several decades of hiding, it was finally discovered. It is also known as Geisha coffee, and its English name is still Geisha, but this time it changed from a beautiful translation to a direct transliteration.
At present, plant a rose in panama summer coffee only two manor, emerald and the pull of the manor honey you manor, they belong to all of the family of peterson, a rose in the summer coffee product volume accounted for only 3% of the total output of the two estate, is the emerald estate sales, the annual production is only small hundreds of kilograms, a listed were snapped up, thus appeared the high price of $130 per pound.
Here's a reminder to coffee fans: in addition to knowing the country of origin and the farm, you should also learn more about the pros and cons of coffee varieties. In other words, buying the right country and farm does not mean buying the right beans. You also need to know how many varieties there are on the farm, and whether you are buying purebred beans or mixed beans. More than 20 years ago, the United States was shocked by the adulteration of Kona coffee beans, which were replaced by beans from the Pocaea region in western Panama.
Do you understand that? Geisha coffee is still the same Geisha coffee. It is called Geisha in the Caffa forest of Ethiopia, Hambella in Guji of Siddharma production area of Ethiopia, and Geisha in the Emerald manor of Panama. Because the planting area changes, the taste also changes, and it is still excellent. To put it bluntly, Geisha coffee is a big category, Huakui coffee is a kind of Geisha coffee, and Panama Geisha coffee is also a kind of Geisha coffee, all of which are originated from Ethiopian Geisha coffee.
Oh, AND by the WAY, THE HAMbelA FLOWER AND GUIXIA OF PANAMA WE TALKED ABOUT EARLIER ARE completely different FROM THE VILLAGE OF GUIxia IN Ethiopia AND have nothing to do WITH each other.